Tag Archives: Electronics Enclosure

What are the Distinct Differences of Flush-head Fasteners and Concealed Head Fasteners?

For some of the custom electronics enclosure parts, the self-clinching fasteners can be a design engineer’s true best friend. These accessories can solve a lot of problems and challenges that comes with mounting and installing some of the components. Because of their very compact design and having low profile, they are also a winner for the appearances too.

These self-clinching fasteners are composed of several threaded nuts, studs, or standoffs that are being mechanically pressed and installed in any metal. This becomes a permanent part of the electrical box, panel, or even bracket. These accessories are most often called by the name PEM® which is the most known brand trademark by PennEngineering & Manufacturing Corp.

There are different types of these accessories:

Nuts: Installs bolts and screws to properly secure them components right in place.

Stand-offs: Mostly used to install circuit boards and they are not shorting when they come in contact with a sheet metal that has an ever flowing electrical current.

Studs: Most commonly used to mount connectors or other components by giving a threaded screw inside the enclosure box.

One of the most primary strengths of these accessories is how they are securely mounted inside some part of the enclosure. As the matter of fact, for several self-clinching nuts the screw will eventually fail before the nut will be able to rotate the material. These self-clinching fasteners can be incredibly very secure because they can become a very permanent piece of the electronics enclosure once they are installed.

The self-clinching studs or even standoff can either be two of these things: flush head or concealed head. Basically, these two types achieves the same use and function. However, some of which has very defining characteristics that makes some of the fastener types very different from each other.

Let us give you an overview of the difference of these two.

Flush-Head Fasteners

The flush-head fasteners, these are mechanically pressed through the hole inside the sheet metal done from the outside. Mostly, they sit within the outside edge.  However, there is just a slight indentation going around the exterior of the metal where the flush-head fasteners are being pressed and it makes them detectable.

The slight indentation can be minimized just by having the metal being grinded down to make the fastener sits in with more flush compared to the other host material. In which, this made the flush-head very less noticeable even when a textured powder coat is being applied. When using both of these methods, these fasteners are barely noticeable. However, they are still obvious by touch.

Concealed-Head Fasteners

Instead of having a fastener being installed and pushed through inside the metal sheet such as the previous one, this type are being inserted into a machined blind pocket so that there will be no contact on the outside edge. The pockets can later be created with one of these options: a CNC mill or router.

This type of fastener are commonly used for some of the aesthetic reasons. In addition to this, they are ideal in satisfying the needs for being airtightness and watertightness. This primarily because the hole being inserted only goes partially inside the metal.

Electrical Enclosures as a Protection for Equipment Used in Hazardous Environment

Electrical Enclosure, Electronics Enclosure, Electrical Boxes,

It is a crucial decision to choose the right and appropriate enclosure to protect electrical equipment when used for outdoor applications. Also the main factor that will influence their decision in choosing the right enclosure is the location where the equipment will be placed. With this in mind, a company needs an enclosure that can withstand hars environments and it should have protection from corrosion, high-temperature, and direct sunlight or UV rays. This is crucial if a company like to keep their equipment functional, last long and in great shape.

Among the harsh elements present in outdoor environments, the worst factor that can damage any equipment is the UV rays or the direct sunlight form the sun. Aside from the fact that direct sunlight can cause melting or warping of the enclosure, it is also important to note that this can also cause most electronic applications to condensate. Even if the enclosure can protect the equipment from water ingress, the sudden change in the temperature especially when there is high moisture in the air, condensation is possible to occur inside the unit. Any engineers know that one of the worst enemy of any electrical equipment is moisture. With this in mind, any efforts to prevent this from happening is crucial.

It is important to note that not only UV rays or high temperature are the only risk factor present in outdoor applications. But high heat can cause a decay in certain materials which can greatly jeopardize the equipment inside the enclosure. Later on, the warping of materials can lead to creating leaks. This will create damages on the enclosure that will also result to the damaging of certain equipment. This is the very reason why it is important to choose the right material for our electronic enclosures especially if they will be exposed to these elements for a very long period of time.

The solution: polycarbonate enclosures

With this application, one of the best material to choose for an enclosure is the polycarbonate material. It has features that can protect the internal components of your equipment when housed inside an enclosure. It has an amorphous thermoplastic and naturally, it can withstand UV rays. So it is a very good choice for an enclosure for outdoor use. Not only that this material is used for enclosures, it is also used in other applications. It is also good for replacing traditional roofing. Because of its lightweight, weather-tough, and UV blocking feature – polycarbonate material is very versatile. Aside from this, it is virtually unbreakable.

A company can also use venting accessories to prevent condensation on their enclosures. As previously said in this article, condensation is caused by the presence of heat and humidity that can form moisture. Which in case can impose great damage on the electric component. It can also from mold that will contribute to its detoriation overtime. An engineer can also choose to improve the airflow inside the enclosure via vents, especially within electronic housings. This is also a great way to keep the enclosures watertight while making sure that the enclosure allows airflow so that moisture doesn’t accumulate.

What Are the Things You Should Consider When Selecting an Electrical Enclosure?

Electrical Enclosure, Electronics Enclosure, Electrical Boxes,

NEMA enclosures has different assortment and variations of electrical components – such as simple terminal blocks to having a full industrial automation system. It even has high voltage switchgear. In most of the industrial automation companies now, they use NEMA enclosure that has existing house motor controls, drives, and termination systems. There are NEMA electrical box design that are shaped to have operator controls.

With this in mind, you need to carefully determine how to carefully select your NEMA enclosure. Listed below are the things you need to remember:

Define Your Security Requirements

Your electronics enclosure might need to protect the contents it houses in from any unwanted and unauthorized access to the equipment it is placed inside. There are companies that offers customer different options to accommodate their company security needs. For some of the low-risk installation so the enclosure – like a screw cover, lift-off cover, or single-door that has clamps with it should get the job done. In some places where there is a high risk in installing the electrical boxes, the customer should get an enclosure that has keylocking/padlocking to make sure that the equipment is safely locked inside.

With this in mind, the customer should carefully determine the width and height of the enclosure by properly laying out the footprint space needed for several control components that has a standard subpanel size. Always remember to carefully consider differeing mounting holes needed for the subpanel when you are planning to set out the required footprint space. This sizing will carefully determine if the customer needs a single-door, two-door, wall-mount, floor-mount or even a freestanding enclosure.

Carefully Set Out Your Thermal Management Needs

In addition to the need for proper security of the enclosure, the customer should also consider the different thermal management needs. Because the electrical box should be able to condense the heat being generated by the equipment placed inside the enclosure – either by solo or by adding an extra cooling device. The heat being generated inside the enclosure should be able to effectively decrease the life expectancy of the controlling units and other items that comes with the enclosure.

To properly anticipate this, the heat has the capability to change the performance of the circuit breakers and the fuses – which can cause a shutdown to the whole system. Therefore, if one has an electronic equipment suitable for the heat sensitive devices, a cooling system should be set up.

How to Choose the Right Plastic Enclosure Applicable for Engineer Project that Requires Outdoor Use?

Electrical Enclosure, Electronics Enclosure, Electrical Boxes, Plastic Enclosure,

One of the main challenges companies face in terms of utilizing an electronics enclosure for their outdoor application is making sure that it can effectively withstand the environment it will be in. There are lot of factors that project engineers should consider such as level of moist, temperature, possible object or water ingress, and so on.

This is very important because companies and their engineers should make sure that their electronics enclosure is effectively designed for their outdoor application. To make this happen, they should be familiar with different NEMA ratings. This is set by the the National Electrical Manufacturers Association.

This rating will become very handy and extremely beneficial for businesses, empowering them to make the most effective and effective decision in choosing te right enclosure for their application.

Being knowledgeable about different NEMA rating of the electronics enclosure is the fastest way to determine whether the electronics enclosure can withstand a particular harmful or harsh environmental element. The electronics enclosure that comes with NEMA rating of 3 would mean that the enclosure is ideal for outdoor use given that it will be exposed to a very fair climate.

Once the NEMA rating increases, it would only mean that it is more durable to withstand certain harsh environmental elements. It can give more protection to your equipment. The most common rating that different companies’ produces are the NEMA 4X or NEMA 6 rated electronics enclosure. It gives wonderful and excellent ingress and temperature protection – whether the ingress can come from hose driven water or even ice formation.

While ensuring that the enclosure you use has a NEMA rating sufficient for its application, it may be necessary to modify the enclosure to connect external features such as a cable or antenna.  Every cutout that is added to the enclosure provides an opportunity for water or other contaminants to seep in. Using accessories, such as cable glands, can help protect the NEMA ratings on the enclosure.

While making sure that the electronics enclosure businesses use has the right and proper NEMA rating just enough for its application, it can be very necessary and important to effectively modify the electronics enclosure in connection to some of the external features or enclosure accessories – it can be a cable or even antenna.

Every cutout of the enclosure that is being added to the body of the enclosure gives an opportunity for the water inside the enclosure or other contaminants to carefully seep through. In the utilization of some enclosure accessories – it can give protection to different NEMA ratings in the electronics enclosure.

How to Effectively Compare NEMA with IP Ratings for Electronic Enclosures?

Electronics Enclosure, Electrical Boxes, Engineering Blog, NEMA Ratings, IP Ratings,

I assume that when you read this article, you have a basic understanding of different NEMA together with the equivalent IP ratings on an individual basis. Let us now compare the basic classifications of these two ratings.

To give back you up a little bit, let us define the IP ratings. This rating is primarily based on a testing that has not have a specific degree of protection that it gives and also requires against the mechanical damage that can be done to the equipment. There is also some risk of explosions and conditions that can be detrimental to the equipment and can cause corrosive vapors.

With this in mind, the NEMA has standardized test for some of the specific environmental conditions such corrosion, icing, oil, rust, and some of the coolants.

Some of the tests and evaluations should not be identical between the two ratings, thus IP rating cannot be directly equated with NEMA ratings. However, some experts have come up with a very simple guide in translating the NEMA types to some of the IP ratings. Since some of the ratings can either meet or exceed the needed test requirements that can be directly converted or associated with an IP rating.

Please refer to the table below for your guidance:

NEMA Rating IP Rating
1 IP10
2 IP11
4 and 4X IP56
12 IP52
13 IP54

To help you understand this table, for example the NEMA 4X electronics enclosure has a minimum IP rating of IP65. However, the IP65 rating of an electronic enclosure does not can be directl converted into a NEMA 4X rated enclosure.

If you have any question regarding the rating of electronic enclosures from NEMA to IP or vice-versa, you can directly contact the enclosure manufacturer of your choice. There are companies that does not produce or manufacture all of the NEMA type enclosure and they choose to focus on some types of enclosure.

Also with some customization, it is better if the customer will directly ask them the question regarding the NEMA or IP rating of your desired electronics enclosure.

Improved Graphics Team to Deliver the Best Product Possible

Electrical Enclosure, Electronics Enclosure, Electrical Boxes, Graphics Department,

Now that we have finally entered the summer season and just coming out from the tremendous winter, anyone (including me) would like to spice up their wardrobe. With summer time coming by, it is now the right time to put away all the bulky, drab, winter sweaters including the overly huge and overstuffed coat. Now is the right time to pull out all the floral dresses and bikinis! I guess pink and yellow comes together with green and oranges and we can add a little bit of white to pop up the style. The natural color of summer should invade our wardrobes for that added style!

With this in mind, not only our wardrobe should have the drastic color change – electronics enclosure should have it too. Colors can give the best style and class to any given standard enclosure. Companies in the industry offers customization services to their customer if they want their electronics enclosure look exclusive to their company.

They have permanent graphics printing options that can have direct printing on any electronics enclosure surfaces. In order for this to be a continuous effort to satisfy their customers, there should be improvement and enhancement in their graphics department.

The first step in improving their graphics department includes a double-hit process. This is much like applying a second coating of painting on the walls. There are companies that offers printing services but they only do one coating or printing and the colors may not last long. There should be a second coating of printing on the enclosure.

This process will result to a long lasting, brighter printed color on the product. With this in mind, there are also electronics enclosure that is black in its original color – then the companies should use lackluster because the dark background contrasted with this type of ink will appear brighter.

By doing this process or fortifying the text or graphics with the second layer of ink, the end result will be accentuated color of the print. And to be honest with you, bright colors can pop out against the darkness. Even with white or gray enclosure together with the double hit process, the print of the colors will eventually stand out.

Because of this companies can have printed graphics that can be easily read by the using personnel or just by the people seeing it. Clear printed graphics is very helpful when it comes to effective application of the enclosure. This can also make the life of the using personnel easier because they can use the product very effectively and efficiently.

What are Considered Needs vs. Wants when It Comes to Project Boxes?

Electronics Enclosure, Engineering Blog, Engineering Materials, Metal Enclsoures, Project Boxes,

It is indeed that time of the year again: snow everywhere. There are snow-covered roads that are being buried in our front yards including the icy sidewalks. I use to live in Cleveland, but I have still to get a dog with too much energy so that I am required to walk him every single day. The only proof to me that he has so much energy to spend for his own good is that he constantly pulls on his dog leash.

If you are thinking about the occasional tug, this is not the case I am thinking about. But it is the 90% of the time he is just straining to get ahead of me. Or maybe my legs are starting to get tired because it is too short to keep up with my dog’s pace. I have already tried almost all sorts of different gadgets and techniques in order for me to try to break him from this bad habit, to no avail. With this in mind, I should be more accurate by saying “he walks everyday and I ice-skate as he tags me along the ride.” But you ge the picture right?

It is so funny when there is a certain term or word that can bring impact on one’s imagination, isn’t it? I am being reminded of Shakespeare’s “What’s in a name? A rose by any other name would smell as sweet.”

Customers often calls companies just to find a certain “project box.” Let us explore for a moment what a project box really is. A google search will give you tons of links to several plastic boxes. The first link of the search is very interesting – it leads to Radio Shack. Before working for a company. I have always thought that this company sells finished products. But just recently, I have learned that they also cater to hobbyists too.

Just by clicking on any type of result will reveal to you a standard, inexpensive, non-descript plastic electronic enclosure. The type of case that is very sturdy and dependable. Obviously, there are some of the good qualities to have when you are designing a product.

The best thing about this is being able to buy these types of enclosure at some retail stores (such as Radio Shack) is that you can buy just one or two pieces without being obliged to buy hundreds or tons of product pieces because there is no order quantity required for these.

With this in mind, one can just buy or purchase any couple of pieces that he or she might need. Without sacrificing too much resources. The unique project will suddenly not look very unique does it? So buying per piece is a very good idea.

What are the Measurement Specifications for Electronics Server Rack Specifications?

Electronics Enclosure, Electronics Server Rack, Electrical Enclosures, Server Rack Enclosures,

For industrial terms, the 19-inch rack is a server or network frame within an enclosure that is being utilized to be mounted on multiple equipment units. Each of the server rack module contains a front panel that is 19 inches or 482.6 mm wide in specifications. The horizontal measurement then includes some of the edges in the internal space of the rack.

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What are the Different Characteristics of Ink Used in Printing on Enclosures?

We have already explored how the personality if the newly weds can be comparable to the material characteristics of the electronics. We also have been able to identify its importance regardless of the end use of the electronics equipment. Also, there are certain characterisitics that are very important to make sure that the final product can stay as crisp since the day the customer decided to purchase it.

There is also one additional important characteristics for plastic electronics enclosure for it to be solvent-resistant. There are several types of different enclosures that can offer bonding as the only way to assemble the final product. While we can carefully strive to not spill the solvents (or anything in that matter), these situations really happen. There was a leak in the solvent packaging, a loose lid, or perhaps there are products that are sent down on a table that comes with an accidental drop of solvent.

The list is just full of endless possibilities. The use of a solvent-resistant ink just helps in the prevention of the unlikely or unwanted events to happen that can eventually lead to serious and long-term problems.

As you can see, there are several and many specifications just for any ink type the user wants to use to customize their electronics enclosure. These posts only deal with a partial list. The customers have been keen on emailing and commenting but there many more characteristics that should be taken in careful consideration.

The point here is there are companies that uses the permanent ink for both of the plastic enclosure both on silk screening and pad printing. The ink that was used for some of the plastic enclosures surely meets the needed specifications to permanently brand the plastic enclsoures. In addition to this, the gloss in the ink also adds the style to the enclsoures.

In return, the gloss intensifies the ink, so that it can print resulting to a very bright appearance. Rather than the dull, chalky finish that we often see in this style of printing. Getting a quote about permanently print on the enclosure is just simple and it can bring down the printing cost lesser than you think. It is best to contact the customer service for further classifications.